Irfan Muhammad, Ph.D.

Visiting Assistant Professor, Comparative Humanities
School of Arts, Humanities & Social Sciences


  • Ph.D. in Political Philosophy (Distinction) – LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy.
  • M.Phil. in Philosophy (First Class First Position) – University of Karachi, Pakistan.
  • M.A. in Philosophy (First Class First Position) – University of Karachi, Pakistan.
  • B.A. (Hons.) in Philosophy (First Class First Position) – University of Karachi, Pakistan.


  • Logical Problem Solving
  • Introduction to Western Philosophy
  • Philosophical Hermeneutics
  • Political Philosophy
  • What is Modernity?

Teaching and Research Experience

  • Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Karachi (March 2014 to the present).
  • Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, University of Karachi (January 2009 to February 2014).
  • Visiting Research Scholar at Frankfurt School of Critical Theory, Goethe University, Germany (2018).
  • Visiting Research Scholar at Heidelberg University, Germany (2017-2018).
  • Pakistan Country Expert at the Varieties of Democracy Institute (V-Dem), University of Gothenburg, Sweden (Democracy Index Data Coding- 2021, 2022, and 2023)
  • Pakistan Country Expert for the Project DEMED- “Democracy under Threat: How Education can Save it”, the University of Glasgow, Scotland (Data Coding- 2022)
  • Adjunct Faculty at the Comparative Humanities Program, Habib University (January 2019 to date).


Dr. Irfan Muhammad is a distinguished critical and deliberative theorist with a robust background in contemporary European philosophy. Born in Karachi, Pakistan, Dr. Muhammad’s intellectual journey has been marked by a relentless pursuit of understanding the political implications of Critical Theory, Phenomenological Hermeneutics, and Post-Structuralism, particularly concerning the intricate dynamics of the self-other relationship.

His academic journey includes a Ph.D. in Political Philosophy with Distinction from LUISS Guido Carli University in Rome, Italy. During his doctoral studies, he held prestigious research fellowships at Heidelberg University, and the Cluster of Excellence “The Formation of Normative Orders” (Frankfurt School of Critical Theory) at Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany. He was also a Critical Research Fellow at the Institute of Critical Social Inquiry, New School for Social Research, New York (2015). Driven by a passion for understanding the nuances of Comparative Political Philosophy and Political Deliberation, Dr. Muhammad explored deliberative practices in Pakistan, contributing significantly to the field. Currently, he is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Philosophy, University of Karachi.


  • Pakistan Lawyers’ Movement and Democratization: A Deliberative Perspective in Public Reason: Journal of Political and Moral Philosophy, Vol. 10 (2), &11 (1), 2019, 45-59
  • The Notion of Phenomenon and the (Im)Possiblity of Metaphysics: Focus on Kant’s Transcendental Idealism, in Journal of European Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1, January 2013, 116-145.
  • The Connection between John Locke’s Educational Philosophy and Epistemology and the Conduct of Understanding in Pakistan Journal of Education Research, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2021, 98-107
  • Factors Influencing of Public Relations in Crisis Communication Management: A Qualitative Investigation of Organization in Central European Management Journal, Vol. 30 Iss. 4, 2022
  • Similar Yet Distinct-Analogies Between Tagore’s and Iqbal’s Feminism in The Women: Annual Research Journal of Gender Studies, Vol. 14, 2022
  • S. Pinker’s View of Human Nature and Dupre’s Critique of Evolutionary Psychology: A Comparative Analysis in Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 62 (1), 2023
  • Conceptual Analysis of Deliberative Democracy: A Sartorian Perspective in Pakistan Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 6, Issue 2, 2023
  • Syed Ahmed’s Naturalism and Modern Education: An Interpretive Approach in Pakistan Journal of Education Research, Vol. 6 (2), 2023
  • The Role of Islam in the Foreign Policy of Pakistan-From Past to Present in Pakistan Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • A Comparative Study of Iqbal’s Spiritual Democracy and Habermas’s Deliberative Democracy (Under review)
  • The Intransigence of Freedom: A Note on the Political Anthropology of Liberalism (Under review)
  • Hannah Arendt’s Philosophical Analysis of Violence (Under Review)
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