Minors

What is a Minor?

Modern education is primarily centered on training individuals to succeed in focused fields of specialization, but in a world with constantly changing dynamics, it is no longer realistic to confine yourself to an isolated field of specialization. Minors are a way for you to graduate with more than one area of specialization, and due to the interdisciplinary nature of Habib University’s major and minor programs, skills learned in both types of specializations can be used interchangeably.

Minors are an integral part of the Liberal Arts and Sciences educational experience at HU as they allow you to explore your interests, personalize, and diversify your undergraduate programs.

This unique academic experience will help you develop a critical understanding of the world you live in by giving you the opportunity to engage with, think critically about, and be able to solve the complex problems of today.

The Benefits of Taking a Minor

All HU students, regardless of major, can expand their fields of specialization by taking an optional minor program to supplement their major program. Minors help in honing a variety of skills including the capacity to engage in intellectual and scientific inquiry. The advantages vary, as each individual specialty will give you a unique perspective in the way you perceive and exist in the world today.

Graduating with a minor has many advantages, including:

  • A chance to pursue a wide range of post-graduate degree programs, dependent on your major-minor combination
  • The ability to qualify for an expansive range of career options due to a uniquely specialized degree program
  • The development, and utilization, of a variety of interdisciplinary skill-sets that will help students in your future entrepreneurial and academic endeavors

Minors expand students’ future possibilities and allow them to graduate with a honed interdisciplinary focus. An interdisciplinary approach towards society’s complex social, political and scientific problems will allow students to solve modern day problems using innovative.

Minors offered at Habib

S. No Minors Offered by Offering School No of Courses No of Credit Hours
1 Comparative Literature CH Program AHSS 6 18 - 20
2 Philosophy 5 15 - 20
3 Religious Studies 5 15 - 20
4 History 5 15 - 20
5 South Asian Music South Asian Music Center & CH Program 5 18
6 Communication and Design CND Program 5 15
7 Social Development & Policy SDP Program 5 18
8 Physics iSciM Program DSSE 4* 20
9 Mathematics 4* 20
10 Computer Science CS Program 7 21
11 Electrical and Computer Engineering ECE Program 8 22 - 25

Minors Offered by School of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences

Comparative Literature (CL)

Offered by:  Comparative Humanities (CH) Program
The minor in comparative literature will feature a range of courses explaining how world literatures have adapted to, and been transformed by the rise of English as a global medium for literary production. The aim of the minor is to introduce students to multiple ways to analyze texts and produce a theoretically informed interpretation of several texts and traditions in dialogue. It will enable students to work comparatively and fluidly with texts and read, write, and think critically, creatively, and imaginatively. This makes Comparative Literature compelling for both graduate schools across the human and social sciences and employers across a range of sectors of the economy.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Locate major writers in English, Urdu, and World Literature within their respective linguistic, cultural, and historical periods.
  • Define and discuss the evolution of themes, styles, and techniques across genres and within traditions.
  • Work comparatively and fluidly with texts in translation and in conversation with their respective linguistic and cultural milieux.
  • Explain how world literatures have adapted to, and been transformed by, the rise of English as a global medium for literary production.
  • Analyze texts closely using methods appropriate to literary analysis and translation studies.
  • Critically assess conceptual problems integral to the nature of literary and aesthetic experience.
  • Produce a theoretically informed interpretation of several texts and traditions in dialogue.
  • Read, write, and think critically, creatively, and imaginatively.

Eligibility criteria (if any):
All Habib University students (class of 2023 onwards) are eligible to declare and pursue the CL Minor
Courses required: 6
Credits required:  18 – 20
Core courses (3)

  • Reading, Writing, Thinking Literature RWTL (or another course that satisfies the requirement)
  • Intro to Literary Theory or Postcolonial Literary Theory (or another course that satisfies the requirement)
  • Jehan-e-Urdu

Elective Courses (2) - Upper Division LIT/HCI Electives:

  • One 300 level course
  • One 400 level course

Note - 2 Courses within Area of Concentration - South Asia or World Literature (6-8 credits)
Open Elective - Relevant to Area of Concentration (excluding liberal core) (3 or 4 credits)

  1. One CLS Elective at any level

Philosophy

Offered by:  Comparative Humanities (CH) Program
The study and practice of Philosophy is concerned with the re-organization of existing patterns of thought and the generation of new thought and concepts, directed towards the transformation of humans and their worlds. The minor gives students philosophical training that enables them to explore continuities between Philosophy and other aspects of their ongoing curricular, professional and personal experiences. Students completing the minor will have sufficient capacity to think and write about universal philosophical themes pertaining to ontology, epistemology, aesthetics, ethics, and politics.

The cognitive qualities of analytical, critical and synthetic power, as well as the power of conceptual innovation, that are all associated with the practice of philosophy make philosophical study attractive both for graduate studies, as well as for employers across a range of sectors of the economy.

Learning outcomes:

  • Develop the capacity to engage in intellectual inquiry that runs in the circuit of existence, knowledge, conceptions of the human and the subject, and the history of Philosophy.
  • Develop the capacity to raise, and to work through ethical questions, including questions in meta-ethics, applied and professional ethics and questions pertaining to the ethical implications of political thought.
  • Develop the capacity to probe questions of philosophical methodology, that is, various forms of logic and dialectic in the history of Philosophy, and the role of mathematical thought in Philosophy.
  • Develop the capacity for production and critique of knowledge production and practice in the various fields and disciplines of the Arts, Humanities, Social Sciences, and STEM.

Eligibility criteria (if any):
All Habib University students (class of 2023 onwards) are eligible to declare and pursue the Philosophy Minor.
Courses required: 5
Credits required:  15-20
Core courses (2)

  • What is Philosophy or Introduction to Philosophy (or another course that satisfies the requirement)
  • Either Hikma 1, or, Formal Reasoning (meaning either CORE 111: Logical Problem Solving or CS 101: Programming Fundamentals), but not both

Intermediate course (1)

  • Either Epistemology or Ontology (if both are taken as separate courses, one counts as an advanced level elective, courses satisfying the requirement

Electives (2)

  • Any two advanced level (300 or 400 level) in the area of PHIL

Religious Studies

Offered by:  Comparative Humanities (CH) Program
The minor will feature a range of courses in comparative religion, theory and methods in the study of religion, textual analysis, and specialized topics in religious studies. The aim of the minor is to introduce students to multiple ways of approaching world religious traditions, and the ways in which these traditions have been shaped by historical, political, and social realities. Students will appreciate the plurality and richness of religious expression throughout history, and the modes in which religious traditions continuously interact.  This makes Religious Studies compelling for both graduate school across the human and social sciences, as well as for employers across a range of sectors of the economy.
Learning Outcomes:

  • Apply methods from several key disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities in the study of religion.
  • Question notions of ‘mainstream’ religion, religious essentialism, and the immutability of religious traditions and their underlying moral frameworks
  • Employ comparative approaches to understand the ways in which world religious traditions have influenced and shaped each other
  • Explore the interface between religious, institutions, texts, ideas, and practice
  • Critically reflect on the historical roots of contemporary conflicts that are popularly seen to be rooted in religious difference

Eligibility criteria:  All Habib University students (class of 2023 onwards) are eligible to declare and pursue the Religious Studies Minor
Courses required: 5
Credits required: 15-20
Core Courses (2)

  • Introduction to World Religions or Making of Modern World Religions
  • Hikma 1

Intermediate course (1) 

  • Theories and Methods in Religious Studies (or any course that satisfies the requirement)

Electives (2)

Any two advanced level (300 or 400 level) in the area of RELS

History

Offered by:  Comparative Humanities (CH) Program
History is regarded as an essential component of a liberal arts education. The aim of the minor is to awaken the student’s curiosity about how the past shapes our present and to nurture the critical thinking, research, and writing skills that are essential for historical study. The minor will teach students to identify, understand and critically analyze historical change and difference, as well as the legacies, conscious or unconscious, that each generation inherits from its past, and the many perspectives and relations one can have vis-à-vis those legacies. The cognitive qualities of complexity, rigor, ability to recognize contingency and imagine alternatives, as well as, sensitivity to change and transformation in the midst of continuity make historical study attractive both for graduate school across the human and social sciences, as well as for employers across a range of sectors of the economy.

Learning Outcomes
Students with a minor in History will be able to:

  • Appreciate the interconnectedness of histories of various parts of the world.
  • Critically analyze the historically crucial role of conceptual and discursive shifts and transformations across historical mentalities and spaces.
  • Conduct historical research and craft arguments that resonate with diverse audiences
  • Navigate historiographical debates, historical methodologies and interpretive frameworks

Eligibility criteria:   All Habib University students (class of 2023 onwards) are eligible to declare and pursue the History minor
Courses required:  5
Credits required:  15-20
Core Courses (2)

  • Global History: 1500 to the Present (or another course that satisfies the requirement)
  • PAMSA

Intermediate course (1)

  • Historical Being, Being Historical: Historicity & Historical Method (or another course in Historiography/Theory of History/Methods in History/Philosophy of History.

Electives (2)

  • Any two advanced level (300 or 400 level) in the area of HIST.

South Asian Music

Offered by:  Center for South Asian Music & Comparative Humanities (CH) Program
The minor in South Asian Music at Habib University will provide an opportunity for students to explore the field of Music and engage with their South Asian musical heritage through courses exploring the evolution and theoretical basis of South Asian music, contrasting them with other musical traditions and genres. The minor will offer courses that introduce basic musical theory, explore the scientific and mathematical frameworks of music, locate South Asian music in its historical and social contexts, and establish a foundation for pursuing advanced studies in music. Some courses for the minor will require students to learn a particular musical skill (instrumental, vocal or compositional). The practice component of the minor will be fulfilled by enrolling in music tutorials for three semesters.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Recognize and distinguish between, various forms of musical performance (e.g. dhrupad, khayal, thumri, kafi, kajri, dadra etc.) and musical structures (e.g. raags, taals, gats etc).
  • Identify the properties of the twelve-tone scale and its usage in Western and South Asian music and apply techniques (both rhythmic and melodic) to generate rudimentary musical sounds.
  • Articulate the mathematics inherent to musical forms and the mathematics used to generate musical ideas
  • Accurately describe the social and historical contexts in which South Asian music has evolved and explain the global music context in which it currently stands.
  • Assess, ethnographically, the system of South Asian music, its practitioner communities and audience, and use it as a lens for understanding the historical and contemporary socio-political landscape of the region.

Eligibility criteria: Students from all programs at Habib University can take the South Asian Music Minor.
Courses required: 5 Courses (3 credits each) and 3 Semesters of enrollment in the Music Room Lessons (1 credit per semester)
Credits required: 18 Credits
Details of the Courses
Core Courses (4)

  • Music of South Asia: Styles and Structures (MUS 101) - 3 Credits
  • Music and Mathematics (MATH 106) – 3 Credits
  • Sound and Subjectivity (MUS 222) – 3 Credits
  • Humari Meeras: History and Discourse in South Asian Music (MUS 221) – 3 Credits

Elective Course: One elective course in either History, Theory or Practice. The courses that currently qualify for such an elective are:

  • Introduction to Pakistani Film Music (LIT 121) – 3 Credits
  • Breathing Bansuri (MUS 111) – 3 Credits
  • Musicking: The Anthropology of Music (ANT 2XX) – 3 Credits
  • The Science of Sound – 3 Credits

Any Other: Three consecutive semesters of enrolment in Music Lessons offered at the Khawaja Mashooqullah Music Room, offered through the Centre for South Asian Music. Each semester will count as 1 course credit. This semester is in addition to the requirement for Music Room enrolment for MUS 101 (a course requirement).

Grade requirements (if any): The student should have a C+ or higher grade in all the 5 courses plus 85% attendance in the Music Room lessons for the 3 semesters.

Communication & Design

Offered by:  Communication and Design (CND) Program
Communication and Design has multiple intersections with all majors currently offered at Habib. The minor trains students to be critical observers of the visible world and helps them communicate their observations with clarity and insight. Coursework develops students’ abilities through a combination of theoretical engagement and studio practice and teaches students how to move meticulously from an idea to its materialization. Students completing a CND minor will be better equipped to offer unique solutions to contemporary issues facing Pakistan by being able to address professional and intellectual challenges from a design point of view and to communicate strategies that are easier to implement.
Learning Outcomes:
Students with a Communication and Design Minor will:

  • Understand how various media operates to shape our understanding of an interaction with the world around us
  • Apply design thinking to solve critical issues facing Pakistan and the world
  • Innovate creative solutions to the ‘Wicked problems’ within students’ home discipline

Eligibility criteria:  Students choosing to pursue the CND minor must complete a minimum of 5 courses totaling at least 15 credits.
Courses required: 5
Credits required: 15
All students pursuing the minor must complete any 1 of the following courses listed below:

Course Code Course Title
CND 105 Shaping Modernity
CND 106 Forms of Inquiry
CND 126 Communication & Culture

Students must also complete any (1) of the following courses:

Course Code Course Title
CND 301 Trans Design Practicum
CND 311 Elements of Aesthetics

The remaining (3) minor requirements are met through CND program electives. All CND minors are strongly advised to complete at least (1) studio based course.

Social Development and Policy

Offered by:  Social Development and Policy (SDP) Program
Description: TBA
Learning Outcomes: TBA
Eligibility criteria: Students from all programs (other than SDP) at Habib University can take the SDP Minor.
Courses required: 5 courses
Credits required: 18 credit hours
To earn a minor in SDP, students must successfully complete following courses:

  • SDP 101; Development and Social Change
  • SDP 201; Qualitative Research Methods (QRM1) or SDP 202; Quantitative Research Methods (QRM2)
  • SDP 301; Public Policy

Two SDP electives, one of which must be an upper level course (300 or 400).

Minors offered by Dhanani School of Science and Engineering

PHYSICS

Offered by:  Integrated Sciences and Math (iSciM) Program

The Physics minor is designed to open the opportunity for students with a significant interest in physics to deepen their understanding of the subject. This will provide a foundation for a broader range of technical fields, enhancing their ability to keep abreast of an ever-changing technological world.

Learning Outcomes: TBA
Eligibility criteria: Students from all programs at Habib University can take the Physics Minor.
Courses required: Students must take all foundational courses specified in below table with (03) additional courses of 300 or higher level to qualify for the Physics minor.
Credits required: 20 credits
Details of the Courses

a. Core Courses (List of courses with course names and credits)

Foundational Courses Credit Hours Prerequisite(s)
PHY-101 Mechanics and Thermodynamics 3 None
PHY-201 Modern Physics 3 PHY-101 Mechanics and Thermodynamics
PHY-202 Quantum Mechanics 3 PHY-201 Modern Physics, PHY 101- Mechanics and Thermodynamics
PHY-241 Electromagnetic Theory 3 MATH-202 Engineering Mathematics or equivalent
PHY-101LMechanics Lab 1
PHY-102L Advanced Physics Lab 1


b. Elective Courses:
(Electives offered by the program that can fulfil the minor requirements)

  • PHY-104 Introduction to Nanotechnology
  • PHY-301 Classical Mechanics
  • PHY-302 Mathematical Methods for Physics (also valid for Mathematics Minor)
  • PHY-351 Introduction to Statistical Mechanics
  • PHY- 401 Quantum Mechanics II
  • PHY-441/EE-441 Antennas and Wave Propagation

Note:

  1. The offering of electives is subject to the availability of faculty and is contingent on the number of students enrolled.
  2. A minimum of seven (07) students are required to offer a course. In case fewer students enroll, individual study courses may be offered by the program subject to the availability of relevant faculty.
  3. Students must earn a minimum of 20 credits.

Grade requirements: Students must earn a C grade or higher in all mandatory courses to continue with the minor.

Mathematics

Offered by:  Integrated Sciences and Math (iSciM) Program

The Mathematics minor at Habib University offers an opportunity to students from all disciplines with a significant interest in mathematics to develop strong foundations in key areas of mathematics. This optional field of study is designed to provide a foundation in Calculus, Linear Algebra, and basic modelling techniques using differential equations. Convergent thinking is also developed through the analysis of quantitative problems directed towards the right procedure for the right outcomes. The choice of courses available within the minor allows the students to take either a pure mathematics track, an applied mathematics track or a mix of the two.

Learning Outcomes: TBA
Eligibility criteria: Students from all programs at Habib University can take the Mathematics Minor
Courses required: Students must take (04) foundational courses specified in below table with (03) additional courses with at least two of them of 300 or higher level to qualify for the Mathematics minor.
Credits required: 20 credits
Details of the Courses
a. Core Courses (List of courses with course names and credits)

Foundational Courses    Credit Hours Prerequisite(s)
MATH-102 Calculus II 3 MATH-101 Calculus I
MATH-202 Engineering Mathematics 3 MATH-101 Calculus I
MATH-205 Linear Algebra 3 MATH-202 Engineering Mathematics
MATH-310/EE-354 Probability and Statistics 3 None


b. Elective Courses:
(Electives offered by the program that can fulfil the minor requirements)

  • MATH-106 Music and Mathematics
  • MATH-104 History of Mathematics
  • MATH-105 The Art of Mathematics
  • MATH-113/CS-113 Discrete Mathematics
  • MATH-320/CS-326 Mathematics of Machine Learning
  • MATH-413/CS-413 Graph Theory

Note:

  1. Math 0xx level courses cannot be taken to satisfy the minor.
  2. DSSE students have a mandatory requirement of MATH 101 but it cannot be double counted towards the minor.
  3. AHSS students can count MATH 101 towards the minor.
  4. Students are free to choose electives either from Pure Mathematics or Applied Mathematics or both.
  5. Depending on the availability of the faculty, a variety of courses can be offered within Pure and Applied Mathematics. Please check with the program at the start of the academic year for the latest list of elective offerings.
  6. A minimum of seven (07) students is required to offer a course. In case fewer students enroll, individual study courses may be offered by the program subject to the availability of relevant faculty.
  7. Students must earn a minimum of 20 credits.

Grade requirements:  Students must earn a C grade or higher in all mandatory courses to continue with the minor.

Computer Science

Offered by:  Computer Science (CS) Program
Description: TBA
Learning Outcomes: TBA
Eligibility criteria: All Habib University students from all majors except those majoring in CS are eligible for the CS Minor.
Courses required: 7
Credits required: At least 21 credit hours required to complete the CS minor. The exact number of credit hours will depend on the nature of individual courses i.e., courses with/without a lab component.

Details of the Courses

Foundation Courses (List of courses with course names and credits)

  1. CS 101: Programming Fundamentals (2 + 1)
  2. CS 102: Data Structures and Algorithms (3 + 1)
  3. CS 113: Discrete Mathematics (3 + 0)

Kernel Courses: Two 200 or higher level courses from CS Kernel

Higher level CS Elective Courses: Two 300 or higher level CS courses: any CS elective with CS 3xx and/or CS 4xx course number will qualify
Grade requirements: Minimum of C+ in all courses taken for CS Minor

Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE)

Offered by:  Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Program
The increasingly blurring boundaries between various disciplines in the present world have placed students interested in multiple areas in the difficult position of choosing between those areas. The minor in ECE provides an opportunity to students enrolled in other programs at HU to be exposed to the extensive breadth of ECE discipline areas, without a substantial investment of time on their part. The minor has been designed such that the students have reasonable academic preparation in terms of the foundations of ECE, but then have the option to create their own path through the different concentrations within ECE, including Communications, Power and Energy, Signal Processing, Control and Robotics, Analog Circuits, Digital Circuits, Electromagnetics, and Embedded Systems.
Learning Outcomes
A student successfully completing the minor requirements will be able to:

  • Construct circuits and test them in the laboratory using basic test equipment or simulation tools, with intermediate level of proficiency
  • Analyze the behavior of electric circuits and systems, and reach substantiated conclusions using mathematical techniques
  • Design ECE systems, components or processes that meet specified needs at beginner level of proficiency
  • Either apply knowledge from one technical discipline within ECE, or comprehend knowledge from a few technical disciplines within ECE

Eligibility criteria: All Habib University students from all majors except those majoring in EE & CE are eligible for the ECE Minor; students must have taken High School Math and preferably Physics
Courses required: 7 accompanied by labs (where applicable). Some courses have prerequisites/co-requisites in CS or MATH.
Credits required: 22-25
Details of the Courses
Core Courses (4)

Course Number Course Code Course Title Prerequisite(s)
1 EE-101  EE-101L Introduction to Electrical and Computer Engineering (4 credits) CS-101 (Co-requisite)
2 EE-111 EE-111L Electric Circuit Analysis (4 credits) None
3 EGR-291 Engineering Workshop (1 credit) None
One of the following four courses needs to be taken:
4 EE-213 EE-213L Basic Electronics (4 credits) EE-111
EE-172 EE-172L Digital Logic Design (4 credits) None
EE-212 EE-212L Electric Network Analysis (4 credits) EE-111;

MATH-201

EE-252 EE-252L Signals and Systems (4 credits) MATH-101


Elective Courses:
Three additional courses are needed, out of which two should be at 300 level or above. Only one out of two 300 level courses can also be counted towards student’s major.
Grade requirements (if any)
A minimum grade of ‘C+‘ is required in all mandatory courses.